Social Statistics Seminar Series: Seminar 6 - Júlia Mikolai on "Childbearing and Employment Changes of Female Immigrants and Descendants in the United Kingdom, France, and Germany"
|Dates:||2 May 2023|
|Times:||16:00 - 17:00|
|What is it:||Seminar|
|Organiser:||School of Social Sciences|
|Who is it for:||University staff, External researchers, Current University students|
Abstract: This talk is joint work with Hill Kulu, Isaure Delaporte and Chia Liu. Although it is well known that women’s employment is influenced by childbearing, only a handful of studies have focused on the link between employment and childbearing among immigrants and their descendants and even fewer have compared their experiences across several countries. We investigate the interrelationship between childbearing and employment of female immigrants and descendants of immigrants in the UK, France, and Germany. We estimate a series of Poisson regression models on aggregated occurrence-exposure data to study entry into first employment, exit from first employment, and employment re-entry by migration background and parity. We find that employment changes and childbearing are interrelated not only among native women but also among immigrants and their descendants. Mothers are less likely to enter employment than childless women, and, at the same time, they are also more likely to exit and less likely to re-enter employment. However, the largest differences in employment (re-)entry and exit risks were between different origin groups of immigrants and descendants and not between mothers and non-mothers. For example, immigrant women from Pakistan and Bangladesh in the UK were less likely to (re-)enter and more likely to exit employment than European immigrants. Additionally, lower rates of entry and re-entry and higher rates of exit characterises the female descendants of immigrants from Pakistan, Bangladesh, Caribbean, and African countries in the UK and from North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Turkey in France. We conclude that heterogeneity and labour market disadvantage persist across migrant generations. This study is part of the ERC-funded MigrantLife project, which I will also briefly introduce in this talk.
Role: Senior Research Fellow in the Population and Health Research Grou
Organisation: University of St Andrews
Biography: Dr Julia Mikolai is a Senior Research Fellow in the Population and Health Research Group at the University of St Andrews. Her work focuses on inequalities in demographic behaviour using longitudinal data and advanced longitudinal methods. She currently works on the ERC-funded MigrantLife project, which aims to understand the life trajectories of migrants and their descendants in Europe and to project future trends.
Travel and Contact Information