Immigration, diversity, and systems of advantage and disadvantage in U.S. universities
|Dates:||11 November 2019|
|Times:||15:30 - 16:30|
|What is it:||Seminar|
|Organiser:||Alliance Manchester Business School|
|Speaker:||Professor Monica Gaughan|
Join us for MIOIR External Seminar Series 19/20, seminar hosted by Professor Monica Gaughan.
Abstract: Immigration and diversity are two crucial dynamics affecting the scientific workforce in the United States, but treating them as unrelated phenomena hampers our understanding of scientific careers and policy dynamics. This study focuses on the inter-relationship between native-born diversity as it is commonly conceptualized in the United States, and the diversity of foreign-born scientists. The intersection of nativity with traditional bases of inequality—and with what consequences--has not previously been studied even though foreign-born scientists are disproportionately men (an historically advantaged group), and members of racial and ethnic minority groups (historically disadvantaged groups). This work seeks to fill this gap by examining how nativity and demographic characteristics affect tenure and promotion decisions in American universities while controlling for known predictors of career advancement such as prior positions and scientific productivity. In this research, scientists are not assumed to belong to one and only one category; rather, scientists are conceptualized to occupy a number of categories simultaneously. It is the combination of these statuses that allow us to understand that diversity—broadly defined—is even more complicated than we typically conceptualize or measure.
Bio: Gaughan is an Associate Professor in the School of Human Evolution and Social Change at Arizona State University. Her research focuses on the training, distribution, and migration of scientists and engineers in the global knowledge system, with a particular interest in the US science system and its relationship to other science systems. Within this US system, Gaughan studies how policies and practices affect scientific career development, with a particular focus on differences by race, ethnicity, gender, socioeconomic status and national origin. Gaughan is currently co-PI of the ASU ADVANCE award to improve equity among faculty and academic leadership. As lead of the social science research team, Gaughan studies how diverse faculty build academic careers in an explicitly interdisciplinary institutional environment.
Gaughan is a 1989 graduate of the New College of Florida, majoring in Political Science. She holds a Master of Public Administration degree from the Maxwell School, Syracuse University (1992), and served as a Presidential Management Fellow of the US Department of Health and Human Services from 1992-1994. She earned both a MA (1997) and Ph.D. (1999) in Sociology from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Gaughan has held academic appointments at Oglethorpe University (1999-2001), Georgia Institute of Technology (2002-2006), and the University of Georgia (2006-2013).
Professor Monica Gaughan
Role: Associate Professor
Organisation: School of Human Evolution and Social Change at Arizona State University
Travel and Contact Information
Aliiance Manchester Business School
Booth Street West