Genetics of Speech and Language Disorders | Communication and Deafness |Talking Genetics with Robinson Crusoe
|Dates:||5 June 2014|
|Times:||16:00 - 17:15|
|What is it:||Seminar|
|Organiser:||School of Psychological Sciences|
|Who is it for:||Adults, Alumni, Current University students, University staff|
|Speaker:||Dr Dianne Newbury|
Host: Prof. Gina Conti-Ramsden (School of Psychological Sciences)
Speaker: Dr Dianne Newbury (Research Fellow in Physiology and Medicine, Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford)
About the event:
The School of Psychological Seminar series runs seminars on the firstThursday of the month’ from 3 October 2013 to 5 June 2014.
Refreshments will be available in the Zochonis hub afterwards.
Title: Talking Genetics with Robinson Crusoe
UNICEF, UNESCO and the World Health Organization include communication in their core life skills. Deficits in communication disrupt social, emotional and educational development and increase the risk of behavioural disorders, unemployment and mental health issues. Yet, research in this area is under-represented and we still have little understanding as to the causes of communication disorders and their relationships to other developmental delays and behavioural problems. It is likely that genetic factors contribute to communication disorders but we expect there to be many contributory genetic variants, each with only a small risk. Some people inherit certain combinations of these risk variations that, when accompanied by particular environmental factors, make them sensitive to language impairment.
My presentation today will focus upon our study of a unique Chilean population who inhabit the Robison Crusoe Island. This Island community was colonised in 1876 by 64 individuals from whom the majority of the current population (633 people) are descended. In 2008, researchers from the University of Chile noted that approximately 60% of children living on this island were affected by language disorder. They further described how the majority of language impaired individuals were descended from two brothers who formed part of the original colonising party. We have been working with researchers from Chile and with the Islanders to form a study of the genetic origins of the Islanders and to discover genetic variants that might explain the unusually high incidence of language impairment in this population. The identification of contributory genetic variants will lead to a better understanding of the biological basis of speech and language disorders which in turn will facilitate better treatments for affected individuals.
Dr Dianne Newbury
Role: Research Fellow in Physiology and Medicine
Organisation: University of Oxford
Travel and Contact Information
Lecture Theatre E